Julius Caesar’s invading army arrived in what is now Germany, roughly
decades BCE, they got a mixed and mostly hostile reception.
defeated militarily in short order. Decades later, in
the Teutoburger Forest, the tables turned and the Roman legions were
beaten badly by the Germanen.
tribe known as
Ubii, by contrast, welcomed them enthusiastically. They were moved by
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
from the west to the east
bank of the Rhine as a protection against the Suebi tribe, who were
hostile to the Roman invaders and by association to the Ubii. Their new
home was a piece of land which is now downtown Cologne.
changed the name of their
tribe from Ubii to Agrippenses. The settlement grew into a full-fledged
city, one of the largest north of the Alps. At a spot near the
river the Ubii/Agrippenses had a place of worship, and from that the
city got the name Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, meaning
“Claudius’ Colony by the Altar of the
Agrippenses.” The temple, built for the veneration of Roman
gods, occupied the place where we now find the Cologne
Cathedral and the
been continuously occupied and growing since Roman times. The city
today is both one of the most important and one of the most festive in
People from all over the world are drawn not only to its cathedral and
museum but also to its restaurants, pubs and party atmosphere. While
visiting Cologne, many people stop by at at Glockengasse 4711, where
Eau de Cologne originated.
For more on the
history of Cologne check here